The technical-didactic TABTRAINER® learning content has been developed by Prof. Dr. Mola and is based on his AQAS and ISO 13053 accredited Six Sigma university teaching modules in the Mechanical Engineering and Technical Production Management courses at the University of Applied Sciences HRW, Germany.
His dissertation in the field of lean materials was awarded the highest possible distinction award summa cum laude.
He was awarded with the prestigious title „Professor of the Year 2023„. The award has been organized as an annual, nationwide competition since 2006 and is under the sponsorship of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the Federal Ministry of Economics and Climate Protection.
Contact for six sigma teaching and training: email@example.com
14 SIMPLE CORRELATION AND SIMPLE REGRESSION
In the 14th Minitab tutorial, we visit the heat treatment facility at Smartboard Company. Here the skateboard axles are subjected to heat treatment, in order to achieve the material strength required by the customer. In addition to the heat treatment parameters, the copper content in the skateboard axles also has an influence on the material strength. Against this background, this Minitab tutorial will investigate the relationship between copper content and material strength, on the basis of existing historical process data. For this purpose, we will first use a simple correlation analysis in this Minitab training, to investigate whether a reciprocal relationship can be established between the amount of copper in the material, and the axle material strength. If this is the case, we will use a simple regression analysis to show which copper content is ultimately required to achieve the material strength desired by the customer. As part of our correlation analysis, we will become familiar with the important Pearson correlation factor, in order to obtain a quantitative statement, as to whether the relevant influencing factors correlate weakly, strongly, or not at all. In this context, we will learn the basic principle of correlation analysis, based on the method of least squares, in detail by actively calculating a complete correlation analysis step by step by using a simplified data set, in order to understand how the results in the output window were obtained. Finally, we can use a simple regression analysis, to describe our technical problem with a mathematical regression equation, in order to predict future material strengths, as a function of the influencing factor copper content, with a high prediction quality.
MAIN TOPICS MINITAB TUTORIAL 14
15 MULTIPLE CORRELATION ANALYSIS, MATRIX PLOT
In the 15th Minitab tutorial, we are on the high-speed test track of Smartboard Company. On this outdoor test track, which stretches downhill over several kilometers, the skateboards developed for speed records are tested. The maximum speed achieved on the test track is recorded using light barriers along the track. Ten skateboard pilots with different riding qualities are available as test riders representing the different riding behavior of the entire customers. In order to reduce the very high personnel costs for the ten test pilots in the future, we will accompany the team in this Minitab training session as they use a multiple correlation analysis to work out which of the ten test pilots have identical speed profiles. The key objective in this training session will be, to identify possible strong correlations between quantitative factors using pairwise correlation analysis. We will get to know the useful correlation matrix, which is often simply referred to as matrix plot, in day-to-day business. And we will see, how we can use the matrix plot to obtain an efficient qualitative overview of the potential correlation trends between the test pilots. Building on this, we will move on to the actual Pearson correlation analysis, in order to substantiate our findings from the correlation matrix. Finally, we will use the corresponding significance values from the „Pearson pairwise correlation“ hypothesis test, to assess the statistical significance of the correlations again with a 95% confidence level.
MAIN TOPICS MINITAB TUTORIAL 15
16 POLYNOMIAL REGRESSION
In the 16th Minitab tutorial, we are once again in the heat treatment department at Smartboard Company. Due to the current high order situation, the heat treatment plant is currently a bottleneck unit, and the quality team should therefore investigate whether it is possible to achieve the axle strength previously required by customers even with reduced annealing times by increasing the annealing temperature. By increasing the annealing temperature, the annealing times of the skateboard axles in the heat treatment plant could be shortened, so that more axles can be heat treated faster. In this Minitab course, we will first determine the corresponding Pearson correlation factors using a simple correlation analysis. Based on these findings, we will apply the useful so-called polynomial regression analysis, to mathematically model the reciprocal relationships between influencing variables and the response variable. Starting from a linear model, we will first generate a quadratic, and then a cubic model, and compare them with each other. Using the corresponding residual diagrams, we will examine why a cubic regression equation is preferable to a linear or quadratic regression equation in this training unit. Finally, we will enter into the very useful interactive response variable optimization, and with our previously determined regression equation, we will be able to determine the required best possible parameter settings with a 95% certainty within the framework of the response variable optimization.
MAIN TOPICS MINITAB TUTORIAL 16
17 POLYNOMIAL REGRESSION WITH BACKWARD ELIMINATION
In the 17th Minitab tutorial, we visit the Smartboard Company high-speed test track again. On this outdoor test track, which stretches downhill over several miles, the influence of the following parameters on the maximum achievable speed of a skateboard prototype is to be tested: The deck width in millimeters, the so-called deck flex as a measure of the elasticity of the skateboard decks in the two stages medium and hard, as well as the wheel hardness. The wheel hardness is determined according to the standardized Shore hardness test method. A metal pin with a geometrically standardized truncated cone tip, and a standardized spring force, and application time is pressed into the wheel surface. The greater the resistance of the skateboard wheel to the penetration of the metal pin the greater the hardness value achieved. The central aim of this Minitab tutorial is to find out which of the three influencing variables, also known as predictors, have a significant effect on our response variable – in this case the wheel hardness. To do this, we will first work with the so-called matrix plot to create a visual overview of possible trends and tendencies in advance. We will then use Pearson’s correlation factor to numerically assess the characteristics of the trends and tendencies identified, and derive our corresponding variance model using polynomial regression analysis. As part of the evaluation of our variance model based on the classic quality parameters, we will become familiar with other quality parameters in this context, such as the PRESS value, or the Mallow cp value. We will then get to know the „backward elimination“ method, which is very important for model adjustment in order to remove non-significant terms from our variance model. Finally, we will learn about the very helpful and efficient option of automated backward elimination, and the regression of the best subsets, so that we can finally use the available results to make a statement about the extent to which the respective influencing variables affect the roll hardness.
MAIN TOPICS MINITAB TUTORIAL 17